Information about the Ministry of Industry of the Republic of Belarus
The Ministry of Industry is a branch ministry and its organizations make up over 25% of the production volume in the structure of Belarusian economy. Our capabilities allow maintaining such a high level. Over 360 enterprises and organizations with over 300 thousand of the total employment work in the Ministry of Industry. According to their technological specialization they belong to 12 major branches. The most important ones are radio, electronic, motor-car and agricultural engineering industries and metallurgy and machine-tool construction.
The machine-building complex comprises 139 machine-tool, motor-car, agricultural engineering, road-building and utility engineering, engineering in food and light industry instrumental production and metallurgy companies.
For many yearsown machine tool building have been providing quantitative and qualitative development of other branches in Belarus playing the key part in manufacturing equipment pool updating. At present machine tool industry is represented by the economic group “Belstankoinstrument” which incorporates 25 enterprises and organizations including machine tool and instrument plants, production tools, forge-and press and foundry equipment manufacturing companies, a special design department, a research and engineering and design institute. The enterprises keep being efficient and have retained qualified staff. The range of the machines produced covers all 9 groups as per the classification accepted in machine tool industry, as well as woodworking machine tools to meet the technical demands of enterprises from different branches. Apart from industrial goods machine tool building plants carry out major overhaul and upgrade of metalworking equipment, and produce also consumer goods including domestic woodworking machines, baby carriages, high-security locks, cutters, kitchen kits and plastic goods, farming tools and spare parts for passenger cars.
Belarus specializes in manufacturing trucks. During the recent years a breakthrough in the quality of the trucks, buses and special purpose cars has been made in this field. The branch’s enterprises manufacture cars with up to 300 ton carrying capacity Production volume build up and quality of production increases. Minsk motor car works alone manufactures over 300 models and modifications of trucks. It is the only enterprise in CIS which manufactures line haul trains up to EURO-2 and EURO-3 standards
Motor car industry includes 35 enterprises and organizations producing cars and road trains for international traffic, dump trucks and lumber trucks, all-wheel drive trucks with cross country capacity, super heavy rock handlers and dump truck trailers, loaders, self-powered scrapers, cargo trailers and semitrailers, caravans for passenger cars, diesel engines, different-purpose buses, OEM components and spares for automotive vehicles. The sub-industry includes specialized research and design institutes which provide development of new products, technologies and equipment.
The sub-industry which is focused on agricultural sector of economy has found ways to apply new models of vehicles for agroindustrial complexes at the prices acceptable for consumers. Agricultural engineering industry comprises 80 enterprises with over 55 thousand of employees which produce tractors, combines, cars and equipment for production and processing of agricultural products as well as spare parts to them. The leader of sub-industry manufacturing union “Minsk Tractor Plant” mastered production of tractors of up to 280 horse-power with synchro-mesh gearbox, hydrostatic steering, modern hydraulics. Production of 250 to 280 horsepower tractors "Belarus" - 2522, "Belarus" -2822 was established. The enterprise is one out of seven major tractor exporters in the world
CONSTRUCTION, ROAD AND public UTILITY ENGINEERING
The sub-industry comprises over 10 enterprises which at present produce the bigger part of machines, equipment and tools for road building, construction and utility companies. Within the recent years new products which successfully compete with foreign analogs were mastered including automobile hydraulic cranes, container vehicles, pavement cleansing machines, mounting hoists, lumber manipulators. Enterprises also produce concrete mixers, painting units, painting stations, spray units, machines for bitumen mastic application, diaphragm compressors, pumps and other equipment for construction and fit-out works.
ENGINEERING FOR FOOD AND LIGHT INDUSTRY, home appliances
Although there is a rich variety of proposals from foreign manufacturers of machines for food and light industry and home appliances Belarusian engineering maintains its grounds. Production of sales equipment, machines for foodstuffs making and various mini-plants.
ZАО "Atlant" mastered production of a range of domestic refrigerators and freezers of modern design considerable part of which is exported. The sub-industry comprises over 20 enterprises which have rich experience in development and manufacture of machines. These are industrial and domestic sewing machines, rotary pumps, sales and manufacturing equipment for public catering establishments, equipment for processing of meat and poultry.
Mettalurgy enterprises produce metalware ofhigh avalibility and quality metalware. This is facilitated by the phased reconstruction and updating of manufacture. Metallurgical complex includes 8 enterprises, principal products of which are certified in many countries of the world and are made according to the international standards, principle products. Enterprises of the sub-industry manufacture steel electric-welded round and shaped pipes, steel cast bar, rolled iron, different kinds of wires, metal cord, bolts, screws, inside screws, nails, molding materials and heating equipment.
Radio engineering industry
Many radio engineering enterprises had to go through a conversion process, that is they had to re-orient production: from defense production to manufacturing goods for civil branches and consumer goods. Within the recent years enterprises of this branch managed to improve essentially the quality and reliability of the gods produced due to introduction of new technologies, application of state-of-art materials and components from the leading manufacturers of the world.
The largest enterprises of the branch are OAO "Horizont" and RUPP "Vityaz" at present produce color TVs with quality, design and consumer functions up to the world standards. The radio engineering industry includes over 60 enterprises, research-and-production associations, and research and design institutes. The branch manufactures over one third of the volume of production of such products in the CIS countries
Among the basic products there are universal software and hardware, professional and home computers and work stations of various profiles, electronic automatic telephone exchanges, telecommunication and communication goods, automobile and power electronics articles, electronic cash registers, measuring devices, household appliances, medical equipment, furniture, accessories and other.
Products of the enterprises of the electronic industry found application in all branches of the national economy: information systems, television and a radio engineering, cinema and photographic engineering, instrument engineering, industrial electronics, complex home appliances, etc. The technical level and the range of the hardware components produced have improved considerably.The largest enterprise of the branch is NPO "Integral" and in cooperation with well-known foreign manufacturers it provides for the 60% of world’s demand for integrated circuits for watches.Conversion was carried out for the companies and various new high-tech products were implemented. According to “Import Substitution” program production of the goods previously imported to Belarus was organized. New models of medical equipment were mastered: monitors and diagnostic devices, infant incubators, artificial cardiac valves
Electric power industry works at the interfaces between many branches and it has a lot of capabilities to develop new markets. For example ОАО "Brest Electric Lamp Plant" mastered manufacture of car halogen lights when it faced low profitability of domestic incandescent light bulb production. Elevators manufactured by "Mogilevliftmash" work in 12 countries of the world and also in the rocket and space complex Baikonur. Electric power industry comprises 16 companies which turn out various products: wiring products, induction motors, supply and low-power transformers, low-voltage facilities, illuminating articles, elevators and elevator equipment, electronic start-control devices, starting devices for gas-discharge lamps, proximity limit switches, power semiconductors and rectifier blocks on their basis, motor control centers.
Opto-mechanical industry has previously been a part of defense complex. At present this branch increasingly focuses on peaceful application of its products. Opto-mechanical industry comprises 10 companies which manufacture high technology products: optic observation equipment, slide projectors, day and night vision sights, part processing machines for optical plants, vacuum-coating units for optics, ceramics, metal, refrigerating compressors, laser medical equipment, gas meters, components for tractor and motor car industries, and consumer goods
Instrument making industry
Measurement accuracy is of primary importance in development of new equipment and machinery up to the world standards. Belarusian instrument engineering is the governing factor in attaining high quality of production.
Instrument making branch comprises 5 enterprises which played an important role in supplying the republic with radiometric surveillance devices after the Chernobyl disaster. At present the enterprises of the branch manufacture electric measuring and analytical instruments, weight measuring equipment, electric drills, electric fans, hair driers, car vacuum cleaners and other consumer goods.
The industries bearing the newest scientific achievements are given the first priority in development in the republic. These are optoelectronics and information technologies. A great number of highly qualified experts work on the fore
ign companies’ orders rendering scientific and technical services. A range of programs were developed in the re
public and to implement them specialists in information technologies from Russian and world-wide companies are engaged.
The structure of the machine-building complex of Belarus was as follows: motor industry manufactures 27% of output aggregate, metallurgy - 21%, release of agricultural tractors and machines makes up 18,4%, electronic and electro technical products, devices and components – 7,4%. Moreover rather a broad spectrum of other production is made. In particular, manufacture of consumer goods in totals 13%. First of all these are "Horizon" and "Vityaz" TV sets and «Atlant» refrigerators which are well-known outside the republic. In the industry system there is a significant number of design organizations which develop new products, technologies, and control systems including software products.
Constantly accrual potential of the enterprises reporting to the Ministry of Industry has a clearly stated focus on export and forms a significant part the country’s volume of foreign trade. 15.9 % of Belarusian foreign trade turnover from January-November 2006 falls on the Ministry of Industry, including 21.6 % of export and 10.8 % of import. The enterprises of the Ministry maintained trade relations with 121 states. At this export was carried out to 102 countries, an
d from 73 countries goods were imported.
The enterprises of machine-building complex directly export up to two thirds of the total volume of the manufactured goods. Foreign turnover exceeded $6 billion within 11 months 2006; the increase made up 23 % as against the same period of 2005. Export build-up is the basis for the development of the industry. During the recent several years the enterprises of the Ministry constantly increase export shipments.
The largest foreign trade partners of B
elarusian mechanical engineering are the Russian Federation, the Ukraine, Western Europe countries, China, the CIS countries, etc. The markets of the Near East, Southeast Asia and Latin America countries are being developed.
Products of motor industry, metallurgy, consumer goods, electronics, and electrical engineering prevail in the export structure of the industry’s enterprises.
Increase of export potential and expansion of market presence can only be possible provided the core parameter of competitiveness is observed, that is price/quality ratio. To achieve this, continuous work on production upgrade, introduction of up-to-date manufacture and management technologies, and search of new forms of co-operation with foreign partners is required.