Belarusian Agro-Industrial complex includes: agriculture (crop and animal production), processing industry (food industry, flour-and-cereals industry, feed crop industry, primary flax processing), service sector (production and technical, ameliorative, land use planning, scientific, agrochemical, veterinary, construction, trade and other services). The priority is given to the cattle-breeding, flax-growing, crop-production, sugar beet production and oil production sectors.
As a result of the reforms, in the last four years Belarusian agro-industrial sector saw a rise in the production of the main kinds of grocery products. At the same time the country maintains vast agricultural production. The Adoption of the Land Code provided conditions for the efficient use of farm lands. Unprofitable agricultural enterprises are being reformed; farmers and private land owners are being supported.
Agriculture occupies about 8-9 % of the GDP. The amount of lands is the following – 0.9 ha of farmland per citizen and 0.6 ha of field-land per citizen. 7.6 million ha (87% of the total amount) of the farmland belong to the state and 1.2ha – to the citizens.
Agriculture specializes in animal products (meat, milk), flax and potato growing. Raising crop, vegetables, sugar beet, rape and feed crop has got vast development.
Belarus produces 87 kg of meat, 643 kg of milk and 342 eggs per head of population.
Processing industry includes such large sub-sectors as meat-, milk-, food-, fish-, flour-and-cereals-, feed crop-production and primary flax processing. About 1300 enterprises and 130.8 thousand employees are involved in processing industry. Belarusian agro-industrial sector showed better adaptation to market conditions than the agriculture.
REGULATION BY MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE AND FOOD OF THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS 27 September 2006 №57
REGULATION BY MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE AND FOOD OF THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS 19 September 2006 N 61
CABINET OF MINISTERS OF THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS 12 September 2006 N 1195