Political relations


Currently, the Republic of Belarus and the People’s Republic of China have reached a high level of cooperation. China is the main political, trade and economic partner of Belarus in Asia.

In the course of the visit of Alexander Lukashenko, the President of the Republic of Belarus, to China the strategic nature of the Belarusian-Chinese relations was confirmed.

A mechanism of consultations between the Ministries of Foreign Affairs of Belarus and China was established in order to coordinate activities in political, economic and other spheres of cooperation. The consultations are held during the meetings between the heads of foreign-policy departments at international forums as well as in the course of regular visits of the delegations of the Ministries of Foreign Affairs of the two countries at deputy ministerial level. The last round of consultations at the level of deputy ministers of foreign affairs was held in Beijing in December 2007.

A mechanism of consultations on consular issues has been built up between the Ministries of Foreign Affairs of the two countries.

Intensive inter-parliamentary contacts are set up and exchange of visits by delegations of parliamentary committees and commissions of both countries is established. Deputy groups on cooperation with Chinese and Belarusian parliaments are formed in the National Assembly of the Republic of Belarus and in All-China Assembly of People’s Representatives correspondingly.

The Republic of Belarus and the People’s Republic of China maintain similar positions on the main international issues and provide mutual assistance in the process of elections in the bodies of the UN system and in the course of discussion of significant issues on international cooperation including human rights.

Belarus and China have developed a solid legal base for cooperation. Over 80 treaties and agreements have been signed, the most important of which are treaties on trade and economic cooperation, on avoidance of double taxation, on the encouragement and mutual protection of investments. December 2008 saw the signing of an Agreement on Cooperation in the field of Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, March of 2009 – an Agreement on Conduct of Currency Swap Transaction between the National Bank of the Republic of Belarus and the National Bank of China.   

The cooperation between regions of the two countries is in the process of active development. At present, friendly relations between the Brest Oblast and Hubei and Yunnan provinces, the Mogilev Oblast and Henan and Jiangsu provinces, the Vitebsk Oblast and Shandong and Heilongjiang provinces, the Minsk Oblast and Guangdong province and the city of Chongqing, the Gomel Oblast and Liaoning province, the Grodno Oblast and Gansu province, the city of Brest and the city of Xiaogan, Minsk and Beijing and the city of Changchun, the city of Mogilev and the city of Luoyang, the city of Gomel and the city of Huainan, the city of Baranovichi and the city Chibi, etc. were established. There are regular exchanges of delegations between regions of the two countries. The visits that had taken place resulted in signing of bilateral documents (treaties in the sphere of economy, trade, science and technology, culture, sports, healthcare).

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Belarus